EVERYTHING YOU NEED TO KNOW ABOUT ETHICAL FASHION CERTIFICATIONS
Sustainable fashion jargon can be really vague and confusing. Many ethical fashion terms leave a whole lot of room for guess work, and open up the possibility for greenwashing on the part of clothing brands that are, in fact, only green and/or ethical, on paper. To help you out, we’ve compiled a handy list of the most common ethical clothing certifications found on care labels.
The fashion industry is responsible for 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions, almost 20% of global waste water, as well as 24% of insecticides and 11% of pesticides (although the fashion industry itself uses only 3% of Earth’s arable land). This is all encompassed within the industry’s long supply chains and energy-intensive production practices.
This makes reducing pollution of critical importance, and there are growing initiatives being explored in this direction. For example, it takes almost 3,000 liters of water to make one cotton shirt, but methods are being developed that will allow clothes to be dyed without using any water.
In addition, processes are currently being trialed wherein fibers can be broken down into their original chemical components and then re-spun into different fibers to make another garment of the same quality, meaning that the reliance on newly-made fibers could be drastically reduced. Some companies are also creating new materials, such as leather made from orange and grape skins, which will prevent the cruel treatment of animals in producing traditional leather.
Yet arguably waste is the biggest problem facing the fashion industry. More clothes than ever are being produced, but more than ever are also being thrown away; in the United States alone, the total amount of garments discarded every year is equal to the weight of the Empire State Building. Previous practices of using landfills and sending second-hand clothes to the developing world are simply not sustainable.
OEKO TEX 100
The textile industry is responsible for 10% of greenhouse gas emissions, hence wearing clothes that can cause potential damage to our surroundings and ecosystem is something we should be concerned about. Not just for our future but for the future mankind as the earth is a shared habitat. If you find these certifications in an outlet then give yourself a pat on the back because you are making the right choice.
ALLRIOT t-shirts ar OEKO TEX 100 certified.
CRADLE 2 CRADLE
Cradle 2 Cradle awards globally-recognized certification to companies, businesses, and brands that produce sustainable products for the circular economy, which means that certified products will be recycled after they have served their purpose.
The focus of the initiative is on the organic health of a garment’s material, its production efficiency, and the social responsibility of the manufacturer.
The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) Organic seal is awarded to brands that use natural fibers instead of their synthetic equivalents, which are often toxic and, therefore, harmful to the environment.
This seal can be found on eco-friendly t-shirts that have been produced by using raw materials that were produced using cotton free from synthetic pesticides, GMOs and fertilizers.
ETHICAL MANUFACTURING CERTIFICATIONS
Ethical manufacturing refers to the holistic process of creating goods without compromising the health and safety of those involved, as well as the environment. From production to the consumer, this certificate ensures that everyone involved was taken care of according to set standards which include the following:
- Employees are treated with respect
- Employees are paid a fair wage
- Employees work for reasonable hours and from their free will.
- Employees are provided with a safe working environment.
Below are listed all the certificates issued to manufacturers who have been proven to treat their employees fairly and operate in a responsible and humanitarian manner.
Worldwide Responsible Accredited Production is a not-for-profit organization that promotes the safe, lawful and humane manufacturing of goods throughout the world. As with its counterparts, WRAP certification is given to businesses and organizations that are able to prove that they serve their human capital with the best possible working conditions, while abiding by the standard operating procedures set by the ILO.
WRAP principles are based on both international work standards and local laws that are a culmination of human resource management, health, safety and environmental practices, along with legal compliance with respect to import, export and customs legislation.
ALLRIOT political clothing is WRAP certified.
As with the ETI, membership in the Fairwear Foundation is granted to companies that work towards providing a safe working environment for their labor force; however, membership is only given if a brand is able to show that it has closely followed a series of steps based on the U.N Declaration on Human Rights.
To become a member of the Fairwear Foundation, companies must show that their workers’ employment has been chosen freely and that they are guaranteed the right unionize; all employees must have the right to equal opportunities; children under the age of 15 are not employed; and collective bargaining, a living wage, a safe environment and regular employment with reasonable hours of work, are all ensured.
In short, it focuses on the physical factors pertaining to working conditions, along with the human factors of production. The Fairwear Foundation is based in Europe.
ALLRIOT unisex and women’s plain and graphic t-shirts are Fair Wear Certified (in Europe).
Fair Trade bestows Fair Trade Certification on products that are made when worker safety and fair pay has been guaranteed and proven, allowing consumers to identify brands and goods that strictly adhere to international labor rights.
Fair Trade USA empowers and uplifts labor communities by ensuring they work in safe conditions while also helping to conserve the environment they are working in: the organization is devoted to helping farmers pursue more environmentally-friendly practices, such as enhancing soil by helping to apply sustainable irrigation methods; reporting on the current benefits and future goals for ecosystems and ways of reducing carbon emissions; minimizing the use of agrochemicals and prohibiting the use of GMOs; and developing safe management plans for pests and waste through farmer education.
ETHICAL TRADING INITIATIVE
The ethical trading initiative was launched after the neglect of International Labor Laws by the heavyweight global fashion industry in the 1990s. According to the International Labor Organization, the prime mission of ETI is to protect workers’ rights in the global supply chain.
Companies that are a part of this initiative pledge to strive towards making ethical improvements in their operations and practices; current high-street companies currently involved in the ETI include H&M and the Body Shop.
‘Vegan friendly’ is not a label that is exclusively applied to food; clothing, too, can be vegan friendly. For a product to earn this title, the clothes, shoes or accessories must have been created from material that was not extracted from an animal. Below are the certifications that can be found on Vegan Friendly clothing.
PETA APROVED VEGAN
PETA is a US-based organization that advocates for animal rights and provides certification to individual products and companies that contain no animal-sourced or derived components; garments made from leather, fur, wool, or any type of skin are, of course, ineligible. Brands such as Gunas, Matt & Nat, and Native Shoes are PETA approved.
A sunflower logo on a product denotes approval from the Vegan Society, a UK-based charity, and means that the product is made from vegan-only derivatives, with no animal product or by-product included in its composition.